The story of hardiness: Twenty years of theorizing, research, and practice.

@article{Maddi2002TheSO,
  title={The story of hardiness: Twenty years of theorizing, research, and practice.},
  author={Salvatore R. Maddi},
  journal={Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research},
  year={2002},
  volume={54},
  pages={173-185}
}
  • S. Maddi
  • Published 2002
  • Psychology
  • Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research
DOI 10.1037//1061-4087.54.3.175 Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, Vol. 54, No. 3, 175–185 173 aware of the trend in research and practice concerning the debilitating effects of disruptive changes on which the magazine article was based. As I quickly discovered, this trend presented a challenge to my contention that creative people actively search for changes, f inding them more stimulating than debilitating. The disagreement between the two positions seemed to highlight an… Expand

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A review of the literature supports the following conclusions: The Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS) has several advantages over alternative scales; DRS items form three factors that are consistent with hardiness theory; hardiness dimensions generally show low to moderate intercorrelations. Expand
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Theory and research are suggesting that personality hardiness is a composite of interrelated attitudes of commitment, control, and challenge that facilitates the management of stressful circumstancesExpand
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