The stigma of affirmative action: : A stereotyping- based theory and meta-analytic test of the consequences for performance.

  title={The stigma of affirmative action: : A stereotyping- based theory and meta-analytic test of the consequences for performance.},
  author={Lisa M. Leslie and David M. Mayer and David A. Kravitz},
  journal={Academy of Management Journal},
Affirmative action plans (AAPs) are designed to facilitate workplace success for members of the groups they target (e.g., women, ethnic minorities), yet may have the ironic effect of stigmatizing AAP targets and, in turn, decreasing their performance outcomes. Prior work has focused on the stigma of incompetence as the primary mechanism that links AAPs to performance; however, the broader social psychological literature suggests that additional mechanisms may also play a role. We use… 

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