The state of theocracy: defining an early medieval hinterland in Sri Lanka

  title={The state of theocracy: defining an early medieval hinterland in Sri Lanka},
  author={Robin A.E. Coningham and Prishanta Gunawardhana and Mark Manuel and Gamini Adikari and Mangala Katugampola and Ruth Young and Armin Schmidt and K. Krishnan and Ian A. Simpson and Gerry Mcdonnell and Cathy Batt},
  pages={699 - 719}
The ancient Sri Lankan city of Anuradhapura is currently the subject of one of the world's largest and most intensive archaeological research projects. Having traced its growth from an Iron Age village to a medieval city, the research team now moves to the task of modelling the surrounding landscape. Three seasons of fieldwork have located numerous sites of which the most prominent in the urban period are monasteries. Here is a clue about how the early urban hinterland was managed which has… 

Archaeology and Cosmopolitanism in Early Historic and Medieval Sri Lanka

Whilst the Early Historic and Medieval periods of Sri Lanka are often presented as a golden age of Sinhalese and Buddhist achievement, there is also substantial evidence for a multiplicity of

Sri Lanka at the Crossroads of History

The peoples of Sri Lanka have participated in far-flung trading networks, religious formations, and Asian and European empires for millennia. This interdisciplinary volume sets out to draw Sri Lanka

From ‘collapse’ to urban diaspora: the transformation of low-density, dispersed agrarian urbanism

Abstract In the tropical regions of southern Asia, Southeast Asia and the southern Maya lowlands, the management of water was crucial to the maintenance of political power and the distribution of

The Jungle Tide: "Collapse" in Early Mediaeval Sri Lanka

This thesis reassesses the Early Mediaeval “collapse” of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, through explicit reference to the archaeological record. The study of Anuradhapura’s terminal period has been

A Long-Term Archaeological Reappraisal of Low-Density Urbanism: Implications for Contemporary Cities

Roland Fletcher is Professor of Theoretical and World Archaeology at the University of Sydney, Australia. He is the director of the University of Sydney’s twenty-year Angkor Research Program and is

Contextualising the Tabbova-Maradanmaduva ‘Culture’: Excavations at Nikawewa, Tirappane District, Anuradhapura District, Sri Lanka

Terracotta figurines and artefacts discovered throughout Sri Lanka, especially in the North Central Province, have been traditionally assigned to the Tabbova-Maradanmaduva culture. Not a single

Spatial distribution and functional relationship of local bedrock and stone constructions in the cultural landscape of ancient Anuradhapura (377BCE–1017CE), Sri Lanka

The city of Anuradhapura, founded on the banks of the River Malwathu Oya, was the ancient capital of Sri Lanka between the 4th century BCE and the 11th century CE. The widespread architectural

Landscape, upland-lowland, community, and economy of the mekong river (6th-8th century CE): case studies from the Pre-Angkorian centers of Thala Borivat and Sambor

ABSTRACT Southeast Asian archaeological research often emphasizes upland-lowland dynamics in the development of premodern complex societies. This paper tracks upland-lowland dynamics in Pre-Angkorian



Interpreting the plan of a medieval Hindu capital, Vijayanagara

Abstract Despite its sack in 1565, Vijayanagara remains the best preserved medieval Hindu capital in India. An archaeological investigation of its urban layout and chief monuments is currently being

The History of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka-an island nation located in the Indian Ocean- has a population of approximately 19 million. Despite its diminuative size, however, Sri Lanka has a long and complex history. The diversity of

Archaeological landscapes of the Near East

Many fundamental studies of the origins of states have built upon landscape data, but an overall study of the Near Eastern landscape itself has never been attempted. Spanning thousands of years of

The Khmer Settlement Pattern: A Possible Analogy with that of the Maya

  • M. Coe
  • Political Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1957
There has recently been increased attention paid to the nature of the settlement pattern of Classic Maya civilization. It now seems likely that Classic Maya “cities“ were not secular, urban

Temple mountains, sacred lakes, and fertile fields: ancient Maya landscapes in northwestern Belize

Forty-three years later these words still ring true, but are too seldom followed (Fedick 1996). For several years, we have been engaged in a multidisciplinary programme of research in northwestern

Regional Approaches to Mesopotamian Archaeology: The Contribution of Archaeological Surveys

This work synthesizes and critically evaluates the results of field surveys conducted over the last 20 years in southern (lower) and northern (upper) Mesopotamia, with emphasis placed on the

Assessing a Polity in Protopalatial Crete: The Malia-Lasithi State

This paper is an attempt to elucidate the regional character of the Malia-Lasithi state, one of the early states of Minoan Crete. The center of this state, the palace of Malia, was constructed, as

Deities, cults and kings at Vijayanagara

The purpose of this paper is to examine aspects of Hindu worship at Vijayanagara, which formed the capital of an empire from the mid-fourteenth century to ad 1565. While the earliest cult was that of

Plazas, Performers, and Spectators

Theatrical performances not only communicate preexisting ideas but also define political reality as it is experienced by participants. Theatrical events thus constitute a critical process of

Social Typology and the Tropical Forest Civilizations

  • M. Coe
  • History
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 1961
1. The Classic Khmer and the Classic Maya civilizations had cult centers but not true cities. They both arose in areas which were regionally undifferentiated. 2. Easy transportation and heavy trade