The spontaneous qualitative assessment of behavioural expressions in pigs: first explorations of a novel methodology for integrative animal welfare measurement.

@article{Wemelsfelder2000TheSQ,
  title={The spontaneous qualitative assessment of behavioural expressions in pigs: first explorations of a novel methodology for integrative animal welfare measurement.},
  author={Wemelsfelder and Hunter and Mendl and Lawrence},
  journal={Applied animal behaviour science},
  year={2000},
  volume={67 3},
  pages={193-215}
}
Qualitative assessments of behaviour integrate and summarize the different aspects of an animal's dynamic style of interaction with the environment, using descriptors such as 'timid' or 'confident'. Although such qualitative terms are widely used in the study of animal temperament and personality, their use in relation to questions of animal welfare has yet to be formally explored. The terms used in integrative assessment (e.g., content, distressed) tend to have expressive, welfare-related… CONTINUE READING