The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target‐gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling

  title={The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target‐gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling},
  author={Ward C. Wheeler and Jonathan A. Coddington and Louise M. Crowley and Dimitar Dimitrov and Pablo A. Goloboff and Charles E. Griswold and Gustavo Hormiga and Lorenzo Prendini and Mart{\'i}n J. Ram{\'i}rez and Petra Sierwald and Lina M. Almeida-Silva and Fernando {\'A}lvarez-Padilla and Miquel A. Arnedo and Ligia R. Benavides Silva and Suresh P. Benjamin and Jason E. Bond and Cristian J. Grismado and Emile J Hasan and Marshal Hedin and Mat{\'i}as Andr{\'e}s Izquierdo and Facundo M. Labarque and Joel Ledford and Lara Lopardo and Wayne P. Maddison and Jeremy A. Miller and Luis Norberto Piacentini and Norman I. Platnick and Daniele Polotow and Diana Silva‐D{\'a}vila and Nikolaj Scharff and Tam{\'a}s Szűts and Darrell Ubick and Cor J. Vink and Hannah M. Wood and Junxia Zhang},
We present a phylogenetic analysis of spiders using a dataset of 932 spider species, representing 115 families (only the family Synaphridae is unrepresented), 700 known genera, and additional representatives of 26 unidentified or undescribed genera. Eleven genera of the orders Amblypygi, Palpigradi, Schizomida and Uropygi are included as outgroups. The dataset includes six markers from the mitochondrial (12S, 16S, COI) and nuclear (histone H3, 18S, 28S) genomes, and was analysed by multiple… 
Phylogenetic systematics and evolution of the spider infraorder Mygalomorphae using genomic scale data
The first such analysis for the group within a strict phylogenetic framework shows that a sheet web is likely the plesiomorphic condition for mygalomorphs, as well as providing hints to the ancestral foraging behavior for all spiders.
Phylogenetic Systematics and Evolution of the Spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae Using Genomic Scale Data.
The first such analysis for the spider infraorder Mygalomorphae within a strict phylogenetic framework shows that a sheet web is likely the plesiomorphic condition for mygalomorphs, as well as providing insights to the ancestral foraging behavior for all spiders.
Converging on the orb: denser taxon sampling elucidates spider phylogeny and new analytical methods support repeated evolution of the orb web
Overall, this work provides the most comprehensive spider tree‐of‐life to date using transcriptomic data and uses new methods to explore controversial issues of web evolution, including the origins and multiple losses of the orb web.
Phylogeny of the orb‐weaving spider family Araneidae (Araneae: Araneoidea)
We present a new phylogeny of the spider family Araneidae based on five genes (28S, 18S, COI, H3 and 16S) for 158 taxa, identified and mainly sequenced by us. This includes 25 outgroups and 133
A morphological and combined phylogenetic analysis of pirate spiders (Araneae, Mimetidae): evolutionary relationships, taxonomy and character evolution
A comprehensive phylogeny of pirate spiders (Mimetidae) is provided based on analyses that combine morphological and multigene nucleotide sequence data and supports the monophyly of Mimetidae and of the genera Gelanor, Ero, Anansi and Australomimetus.
A genome-wide phylogeny of jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae), using anchored hybrid enrichment
Deep relationships, among the seven subfamilies, appear to be largely resolved, with spartaeines, lyssomanines, and asemoneines forming a clade.


Total evidence analysis of the phylogenetic relationships of Lycosoidea spiders (Araneae, Entelegynae)
The quantitative phylogenetic analysis confirms the synonymy of Halidae with Pisauridae and the concept of Lycosoidea is restricted to seven families, with the monophyly of the ‘Oval Calamistrum clade’ appears to be unequivocal.
Phylogenetic relationships of the spider family Tetragnathidae (Araneae, Araneoidea) based on morphological and DNA sequence data
The combined dataset suggests that Nephilidae is sister to Araneidae; furthermore, the sister group of Nephila is the clade composed by Herennia plus Nephilengys and this pattern has clear implications for understanding the comparative biology of the group.
A Reconsideration of the Classification of the Spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Arachnida: Araneae) Based on Three Nuclear Genes and Morphology
A reevaluation of mygalomorph phylogeny using the rRNA genes 18S and 28S, the nuclear protein-coding gene EF-1γ, and a morphological character matrix proposes a “road map” for future sampling across the infraorder with the aim of solving many remaining questions that hinder mygalomorphic systematics.
A cladistic analysis based on parsimony concludes that Ctenidae is shown to be polyphyletic as currently delimited, but the most severely questioned taxa (i.e., Acanthoctenus, Cupiennius, and Ancylometes) are indeed members of this family.
Phylogeny of the sea spiders (Arthropoda, Pycnogonida) based on direct optimization of six loci and morphology
  • C. Arango, W. Wheeler
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 2007
This phylogeny represents a solid framework to work towards the understanding of pycnogonid systematics, providing a data set and a testable hypothesis that indicate those clades that need severe testing, especially some of the deep nodes of the pycnogsonid tree and the relationships of ammotheid and callipallenid forms.
Phylogenetic placement of pelican spiders (Archaeidae, Araneae), with insight into evolution of the “neck” and predatory behaviours of the superfamily Palpimanoidea
The evolution of the elevated cephalic area led to highly manoeuvrable chelicerae and associated novel prey capture strategies, and all members of Palpimanoidea appear to have modifications to the cep Halic area, and furthermore, members seem to have evolved prey specialization.
An extraordinary new genus of spiders from Western Australia with an expanded hypothesis on the phylogeny of Tetragnathidae (Araneae)
It is shown that Mimetidae is most likely the sister group of Tetragnathidae and the results indicate that Pinkfloydia belongs to the ‘Nanometa’ clade.