The specific deterrent effect of custodial penalties on juvenile re-offending.

  title={The specific deterrent effect of custodial penalties on juvenile re-offending.},
  author={Don Weatherburn and Sumitra Vignaendra and Andrew B McGrath},
  journal={BOCSAR NSW Crime and Justice Bulletins},
The following paper deals with the question of whether custodial penalties are a deterrent to subsequent offending among young people sentenced in the NSW Children’s Court. It will do so by reporting the results of a study undertaken in the court between 2004 and 2007. The aim of this study, amongst other things, was to determine whether being sentenced to a control order led to greater or lesser offending compared to a group sentenced to community‐based orders. The structure of this paper will… 

Tables from this paper

Effect of prison on adult re-offending, The
Aim: To examine the effect of prison on re-offending among offenders convicted of either non-aggravated assault or burglary. Method: The effect of prison on re-offending was examined by comparing
Custodial Sanctions and Reoffending: A Meta-Analytic Review
Beginning in the 1970s, the United States began an experiment in mass imprisonment. Supporters argued that harsh punishments such as imprisonment reduce crime by deterring inmates from reoffending.
Punitiveness versus Child-saving: How much are we willing to pay?
This thesis examines the public perceptions of the goals of the criminal justice system and attitudes towards juvenile delinquency. Public attitudes and criminal justice policies towards juvenile
Crime and justice
Method: The effect of prison on re-offending was examined by comparing time to re-conviction among 96 matched pairs of convicted burglars and 406 matched pairs of offenders convicted of
Youths in custody in NSW: aspirations and strategies for the future
Most youths interviewed in this study placed high importance on specific life goals and were generally optimistic about achieving them, and could think of strategies that would help them achieve their goals as well as identify possible barriers to achieving them.
Juvenile Justice Diversion in Victoria: A Blank Canvas?
Abstract Unlike many jurisdictions in Australia, Victoria has not adopted a legislative, court-based diversion scheme for addressing crime committed by children and young people. The state has also
The Subjective Impact of Contact With the Criminal Justice System
Labeling theory suggests that contact with the criminal justice system leads to feelings of stigmatization, which will consequently have the counterproductive effect of increasing offending. The
Approaching Restorative Justice
This chapter introduces the approach to restorative justice, which is the focus of this monograph—namely Youth Justice Conferencing in New South Wales, Australia. In Youth Justice Conferences,
Sentencing Matters Does Imprisonment Deter ?
Sentencing Advisory Council Level 4, 436 Lonsdale Street Melbourne Victoria 3000 Australia Telephone 03 9603 9047 Facsimile 03 9603 9030
Justice reinvestment in Australia: A review of the literature
Justice reinvestment (JR) is a data-driven approach to reducing criminal justice system expenditure and improving criminal justice system outcomes through reductions in imprisonment and offending. JR


The effects of custodial vs. non-custodial sentences on re-offending: A systematic review of the state of knowledge
The objective of this Campbell Systematic Review was to assess the relative effects of custodial sanctions (imprisonment) and non‐custodial (“alternative” or “community”) sanctions on re‐offending.
Reducing Juvenile Crime: Conferencing versus Court
With the commencement of the Young Offenders Act in April 1998, Youth Justice Conferencing was introduced across NSW as an alternative to a court appearance for young offenders. At a conference the
One of the major changes in juvenile justice during the past decade has been the increased reliance on restitution as a sanction for juvenile offenders. Although a great deal has been learned during
Reoffending among Young People Cautioned by Police or Who Participated in a Youth Justice Conference
Since 1998 a significant proportion of young offenders in New South Wales have been dealt with by warning, caution or youth justice conference under the Young Offenders Act 1997 rather than
Offenders' Perceptions of the Sentencing Process: A Study of Deterrence and Stigmatisation in the New South Wales Children's Court
Abstract The criminal court system remains society's pre-eminent response to criminal activity, despite recent innovations such as youth justice conferences. Little is known, however, about the
Imprisonment and Reoffending
Imprisonment is the most severe punishment in democratic societies except for capital punishment, which is used only in the United States. Crime prevention is its primary rationale. Imprisonment may
Criminal Deterrence Research at the Outset of the Twenty-First Century
Evidence for a substantial deterrent effect is much firmer than it was two decades ago. However, large gaps in knowledge on the links between policy actions and behavior make it difficult to assess
Research in Criminal Deterrence: Laying the Groundwork for the Second Decade
  • P. Cook
  • Law, Economics
    Crime and Justice
  • 1980
Deterrence theory has been developed primarily by economists, who have viewed potential criminals as rational decision-makers faced with an array of illicit opportunities characterized by costs
Does Community Service Rehabilitate better than Short-term Imprisonment?: Results of a Controlled Experiment
Community service, along with other new sanctions, has been recommended in many Western countries as an alternative to incarceration over many years. Despite a rich literature on evaluations of
How Much Crime Does Prison Stop?: The Incapacitation Effect of Prison on Burglary
This bulletin presents the results of a study into the incapacitation effect of prison on burglary. The results indicate that current levels of imprisonment in New South Wales (NSW) prevent