The space of vulnerability: the causal structure of hunger and famine

@article{Watts1993TheSO,
  title={The space of vulnerability: the causal structure of hunger and famine},
  author={Michael J. Watts and Hans G. Bohle},
  journal={Progress in Human Geography},
  year={1993},
  volume={17},
  pages={43 - 67}
}
Mass poverty results from long-term changes in social production and distribution mechanisms; famines result from violent short-term changes in the same mechanisms. Growth of mass poverty increases vulnerability to famine through raising the proportion of the population surviving on the margin ... Famines increases mass poverty by permanently altering the distribution of assets in favor of the [rich] (Ghose, A.K., 1989: 127). 
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