The southern black widow spider, Latrodectus mactans (Araneae, Theridiidae), as a predator of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), in Texas cotton fields

@article{Nyffeler1988TheSB,
  title={The southern black widow spider, Latrodectus mactans (Araneae, Theridiidae), as a predator of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), in Texas cotton fields},
  author={Martin Nyffeler and David Allen Dean and Winfield L. Sterling},
  journal={Journal of Applied Entomology},
  year={1988},
  volume={106}
}
In cotton fields of east Texas, the southern black widow spider, Latrodectus mactans (F.), was observed to capture the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, which constituted 75% of the prey of L. mactans. Remains of workers, queens, and males of S. invicta were found in the spider webs. L. mactans were observed to feed on ants captured in the webs indicating that S. invicta were used as a food source. Juveniles as young as third instar were observed capturing S. invicta workers. In… Expand
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