The sodium channel {beta}3-subunit induces multiphasic gating in NaV1.3 and affects fast inactivation via distinct intracellular regions.

Electrical excitability in neurons depends on the activity of membrane-bound voltage gated sodium channels (Na(v)) that are assembled from an ion conducting α-subunit and often auxiliary β-subunits. The α-subunit isoform Na(v)1.3 occurs in peripheral neurons together with the Na(v) β3-subunit, both of which are coordinately up-regulated in rat dorsal root… (More)