The social cost of leaded gasoline: Evidence from regulatory exemptions

  title={The social cost of leaded gasoline: Evidence from regulatory exemptions},
  author={A. Hollingsworth and Ivan Rudik},
Leaded gasoline is still widely used in the United States for aviation and automotive racing. Exploiting regulatory exemptions and a novel quasi-experiment, we find that leaded gasoline increases ambient lead concentrations, elevated blood lead rates, and elderly mortality. The estimated effects indicate the social cost of a gram of lead added to gasoline is over $1,100. Our results are the first causal estimates linking adult mortality to leaded gasoline, highlight the historic value of… CONTINUE READING
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