The skin-permeation-enhancing effect of phosphatidylcholine: caffeine as a model active ingredient.

Abstract

Phospholipids or liposomes are recognized to have skin permeation enhancing ability, although their mechanisms are still controversial. The aim of this study was to establish a method of increasing the skin permeation of active ingredients, using phosphatidylcholine as a permeation enhancer. Caffeine was used as a model active ingredient and in vitro skin… (More)

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@article{Kim2002TheSE, title={The skin-permeation-enhancing effect of phosphatidylcholine: caffeine as a model active ingredient.}, author={Chinhan Kim and Jongwon Shim and Sanghoon Han and Ihseop Chang}, journal={Journal of cosmetic science}, year={2002}, volume={53 6}, pages={363-74} }