The size and height to which jet drops are ejected from bursting bubbles in seawater

@article{Blanchard1989TheSA,
  title={The size and height to which jet drops are ejected from bursting bubbles in seawater},
  author={Duncan C. Blanchard},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research},
  year={1989},
  volume={94},
  pages={10999-11002}
}
  • D. Blanchard
  • Published 15 August 1989
  • Physics, Environmental Science
  • Journal of Geophysical Research
The oft-quoted 1-to-10 rule, that the diameter of the top jet drop is about one-tenth that of a bubble bursting in seawater, holds for bubbles of <500 μm diameter at about room temperature. The diameter of the second jet drop is about 8% larger than that of the top drop. Some of the lower drops are larger and some are smaller than the top drop. Both drop size and ejection height decrease with decreasing water temperature. Jet drops are produced from bubbles estimated to be as small as 10 μm in… 
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Film drops and jet drops, generated when whitecap bubbles burst, have long been regarded as the origin of most of the seasalt aerosol. Nevertheless, the contribution of each drop type, throughout the
Film drop production as a function of bubble size
Film drops from air bubbles bursting in seawater and in a 3% solution of sodium chloride in distilled water were counted with a condensation nucleus counter. Bubbles of known size were released from
Photographic Investigation of the Projection of Droplets by Bubbles Bursting at a Water Surface
Bubbles of air reaching the air-water interface burst and eject liquid droplets into the air to heights large compared to their diameter. Photographic evidence is introduced to prove the existence of
Electrostatic collection of jet and film drops1
Jet and film drops from bubbles bursting in the presence of an electric field will be charged by electrostatic induction. If the field is sufficiently high, the drops move rapidly upward under the
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Four of the problems deal with the mechanics of bubble production and bursting, and the collection and sizing of jet drops; three concern the transfer of the bacterium Serratia marcescens from
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The relative contribution of jet and film drops from bursting bubbles to the sea-salt component of the marine aerosol is poorly understood. An analysis of the bubble and aerosol spectra produced by a
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Air bubbles from 50 to 400 μm diameter were produced from a fine capillary tip inserted through the top of a rotating tank of water. Bubble persistence on the surface was measured from the tank
Bubble Formation and Modification in the Sea and its Meteorological Significance
It is believed that the vast majority of the airborne salt nuclei arise from bursting bubbles at the air—sea water interface. Four natural mechanisms for the production of these bubbles have been
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