The size and frequency of the largest explosive eruptions on Earth

  title={The size and frequency of the largest explosive eruptions on Earth},
  author={B. G. Mason and David M. Pyle and Clive Oppenheimer},
  journal={Bulletin of Volcanology},
A compilation and analysis of the size and frequency of the largest known explosive eruptions on Earth are presented. The ‘largest’ explosive events are defined to be those eruptions yielding greater than 1015 kg of products (>150 times the mass of the 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo). This includes all known eruptions with a volcanic explosivity index (VEI) of 8. A total of 47 such events, ranging in age from Ordovician to Pleistocene, are identified, of which 42 eruptions are known from the… 
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The Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database contains data on 1,883 Quaternary eruption records of magnitude (M) 4 and above and is publically accessible online via the British
Global time-size distribution of volcanic eruptions on Earth
It is shown here that the return times of eruptions with similar magnitude follow an exponential distribution, suggesting that similar mechanisms subtend to explosive eruptions from small to colossal, raising concerns on the theoretical possibility to predict the magnitude and impact of impending volcanic eruptions.
How many explosive eruptions are missing from the geologic record? Analysis of the quaternary record of large magnitude explosive eruptions in Japan
Large magnitude explosive eruptions in Japan were compiled for the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database. Here we use this dataset to investigate the under-recording of
The effects and consequences of very large explosive volcanic eruptions
  • S. Self
  • Geology, Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2006
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The potential impact of super‐volcanic eruptions on the Earth's atmosphere
In the last 50 years, three large volcanic eruptions have perturbed weather patterns across the whole globe: the eruptions of Agung in Bali, Indonesia in 1963; El Chichon in Mexico in 1982; and Mt
Regional variability in the frequency and magnitude of large explosive volcanic eruptions
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Knowledge of the frequencies of highly explosive, moderately explosive, and nonexplosive eruptions would be useful in a variety of volcano studies. Historical records are generally incomplete,
Long-Term Probabilistic Analysis of Future Explosive Eruptions
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Mass and energy budgets of explosive volcanic eruptions
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Petrogenesis of the Toba Tuffs, Sumatra, Indonesia
Earth (Smith & Bailey, 1968). It is elongated in a NW–SE During the past 1·2 my, at least 3400 km of magma have been direction parallel to the active volcanic front of Sumatra, erupted in four ash
Extraterrestrial impacts on earth: the evidence and the consequences
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  • Geography, Geology
    Geological Society, London, Special Publications
  • 1998
Abstract The terrestrial record of impact events is incomplete and evolving. There are inherent biases in ages, distribution and sizes of known impact events that result from the high levels of
Dimensions and dynamics of co-ignimbrite eruption columns
VERY powerful volcanic eruptions cannot always form classical Plinian eruption columns1–4. Instead, collapsing fountains may develop above the vent and shed pyroclastic flows which spread laterally
The dynamics and thermodynamics of large ash flows
Abstract Ash flow deposits, containing up to 1000 km3 of material, have been produced by some of the largest volcanic eruptions known. Ash flows propagate several tens of kilometres from their source
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