The site of action of lithium ions in morphogenesis of Lymnaea stagnalis analyzed by secondary ion mass spectroscopy.

  • P. F. Elbers
  • Published 1983 in Differentiation; research in biological diversity


Exogastrulation as a disturbance of development in eggs of Lymnaea stagnalis is caused by the action of LiCl at the second cleavage stage and not at the first or third. The percentage of exogastrulae formed is strongly concentration dependent. To determine the site of action of lithium ions, the cellular contents of Li, C, Na, Mg, P, K, and Ca were analyzed… (More)


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