The single cellular green microalga Botryococcus braunii, race B possesses three distinct 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthases.

@article{Matsushima2012TheSC,
  title={The single cellular green microalga Botryococcus braunii, race B possesses three distinct 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthases.},
  author={Daisuke Matsushima and Holger Jenke-Kodama and Yohei Sato and Yusuke Fukunaga and Koremitsu Sumimoto and Tomohisa Kuzuyama and Shigeki Matsunaga and Shigeru Okada},
  journal={Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology},
  year={2012},
  volume={185-186},
  pages={309-20}
}
Green algae exclusively use the methylerythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway for the biosynthesis of isoprenoids. The first enzyme of this pathway is 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS, EC 2.2.1.7). Green algae have been thought to possess only a single DXS, in contrast to land plants, which have at least two isoforms that serve different roles in metabolism. The green microalga Botryococcus braunii has an extraordinary isoprenoid metabolism, as it produces large amounts of triterpene… CONTINUE READING

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