The signalling contributions of Constantin von Economo to basic, clinical and evolutionary neuroscience

  title={The signalling contributions of Constantin von Economo to basic, clinical and evolutionary neuroscience},
  author={Lazaros C. Triarhou},
  journal={Brain Research Bulletin},
  • L. Triarhou
  • Published 14 April 2006
  • Biology
  • Brain Research Bulletin

Chapter 2 The Cytoarchitectonic Map of Constantin

The cortical cytoarchitectonics system of von Economo and Koskinas may be especially meaningful in conjunction with modern studies on functional imaging in the human brain.

The Cytoarchitectonic Map of Constantin von Economo and Georg N. Koskinas

Von Economo and Koskinas provided the first comprehensive description of the distinct rod and corkscrew cells in cingulate and frontoinsular areas known today as “von Economo neurons” that are putatively involved in social behavior and the pathophysiology of neurodevelopmental and mental diseases.

Constantin von Economo (1876–1931) and his legacy to neuroscience

Constantin von Economo was born on 21 August 1876 in Brăila, a city in eastern Romania and spent the last 25 years of his life that was ended by a heart attack in 1931.

Von Economo neurons: A review of the anatomy and functions

Some researchers have shown that selective destruction of VENs in the early stages of frontotemporal dementia implies that they are involved in empathy, social awareness, and self-control which are consistent with evidence from functional imaging.

Brain and aviation: on the 80th anniversary of Constantin von Economo’s (1876–1931) death

This Austrian neurologist and the pioneer of aviation described encephalitis lethargica, discovered the spindle neurons, and postulated the existence of the sleep and wakefulness centre in the brain.

Economo, Constantin von

The Economo-Koskinas Atlas Revisited: Cytoarchitectonics and Functional Context

  • L. Triarhou
  • Biology
    Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
  • 2007
The system of 107 areas of Economo and Koskinas may be especially useful for modern studies on functional localization, despite the traditional familiarity of neuroscientists with Brodmann numbers.



The Evolution of the Human Brain

This volume at first glance would seem to have a limited appeal to the clinical neurologist and neuropathologist, but neither should miss an excellent opportunity of acquainting himself with the advances that have been made during recent years in the study of the heterogeneous group of diseases formerly included under the wastebasket designation of "Schilder's diffuse sclerosis".

Evolution of the concept of "extracellular matrix' in the brain.

  • M. Celio
  • Biology
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 1999
The repeated failure of electron microscopy to reveal a substantial space between cell processes undermined the acceptance of the concept of "extracellular matrix" in the central nervous system, but nowadays this concept has been firmly established.

Cytoarchitecture of the human cerebral cortex: MR microscopy of excised specimens at 9.4 Tesla.

High-field-strength MR imaging at a spatial resolution of 78 x 78 x 500 micro m resolves the horizontal lamination of isocortex, allocortex, and periallocortex and displays specific intracortical structures such as the external band of Baillarger.

Konstantin Economo Freiherr von San Serf

  • O. Marburg
  • Medicine
    Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkunde
  • 2005
Die hervorragende Entwicklung der Psychiatrie und besonders der Neurologie in Wien in den letzten Jahrzehn~en ist vorwiegend dem Wirken zweier M~nner zu verdanken, die die Mehrzahl yon uns das Glfick

Brodmann's localisation in the cerebral cortex

Part 1 The principles of comparative cortical cytoarchitectonics: the basic laminar pattern of the cerebral cortex - homogenetic and heterogenetic cortical formations regional variations in cell

Über den Zusammenhang der Gebilde des Retrosplenium

  • C. Economo
  • Biology
    Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie
  • 2004
Speziell bei den komplizierten Bauverh~ltnissen des sogenannten Riechhir~ leistet die Kenntnis der Cytoarchitektonik gute Dienste and es wurden daher in dem oben erw~hnten Buche der ZeUaufbau desselben yon der Fimbria begleiteten Gyms hippocampi.

Foundations of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses Hero Worship and the Heroic in Neuroscience, and the Struggle for Synthesis of the Neuron Theory.