The sigma subunit of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase senses promoter spacing.

The promoters recognized by sigma 70, the primary sigma of Escherichia coli, consist of two highly conserved hexamers located at -10 and -35 bp from the start point of transcription, separated by a preferred spacing of 17 bp. sigma factors have two distinct DNA binding domains that recognize the two hexamer sequences. However, the component of RNA… CONTINUE READING