The side effects of morphine and hydromorphone patient-controlled analgesia.

  title={The side effects of morphine and hydromorphone patient-controlled analgesia.},
  author={Daewha Hong and Pamela Flood and Geraldine Diaz},
  journal={Anesthesia and analgesia},
  volume={107 4},
BACKGROUND Despite "clinical lore" among health care providers that treatment with hydromorphone results in improved pain control and fewer adverse side effects, morphine continues to be the first-line medication for postoperative patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). In this study, we compared the efficacy and side-effect profiles of morphine and hydromorphone at concentrations producing equivalent drug effect measured by pain score and miosis. METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized… CONTINUE READING
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