Authors present in case report a patient with occlusion of proximal section of popliteal artery which was resolved by the reconstructive vascular surgical procedure--short femoropopliteal bypass using autolognal saphenous vein as a graft. In discussion they deal with the problem of short bypass in traumatic injured lower extremities and also in atherosclerotic or other degenerative diseases of lower extremities arteries. On the account of particulars from literature they refer to the possibility of using various autolognal venous grafts and also artificial vascular protheses. They also deal with the adjuvant medical treatment from the point of view of prevention of a favourable closure of graft and its longterm patency. They presume that the short bypass is in indicated cases mainly in highly at risk patients fully justifiable.