The sensory innervation of the gingiva and mucosa in Monodelphis domestica: an ultrastructural study.

Abstract

The location and structure of sensory nerve endings was examined in the mucosa and in the gingiva propria adjacent to the third premolar of Monodelphis domestica by light and electron microscopy. The mucous membrane of the gingiva propria is covered with a stratified keratinized squamous epithelium. The mucous membrane of the adjacent inner aspect of the lip and of the vestibulum oris were covered with a nonkeratinized squamous epithelium. Free nerve endings, Merkel nerve endings and lamellated corpuscles were found in all the examined areas. Free nerve endings were located in the connective tissue papillae between the epithelial cones, in the basal layer of the epithelium and directly under the epithelium of the cones. They were innervated by myelinated A-delta- and nonmyelinated C-fibers. The basal layer of the first three to four epithelial cones of the gingiva propria contained single or groups of Merkel nerve endings. The epithelial cones of the oral mucous membrane contained five times more Merkel nerve endings than those of the vestibular mucous membrane. Lamellated corpuscles were mainly found in the plica sublingualis. In the connective tissue below the epithelial cones of the mucous membranes they usually occur with a perineural capsule, in the connective tissue papillae between the cones they occur without a perineural capsule. In the latter position they resemble the Meissner corpuscles of glabrous skin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Schulze1993TheSI, title={The sensory innervation of the gingiva and mucosa in Monodelphis domestica: an ultrastructural study.}, author={Corinna Schulze and Anna Sp{\"a}the and Zdenek Halata}, journal={Acta anatomica}, year={1993}, volume={146 1}, pages={36-41} }