The sensory basis of fish schools: Relative roles of lateral line and vision

  title={The sensory basis of fish schools: Relative roles of lateral line and vision},
  author={Brian L. Partridge and Tony j. Pitcher},
  journal={Journal of comparative physiology},
SummaryQuantitative analyses of the effects of temporary blindfolding (BL) or lateralis section (LS) on the schooling performance of saithe (Pollachius virens) are reported. Comparison of effects of the sensory deprivations on school structure and dynamics allow determination of the relative roles of the lateral lines and vision in normal schooling. Extended 3-dimensional records were made of the positions of sensorily deprived individuals in normal schools as well as whole schools with sensory… 
The Lateral Line in Fish: Structure, Function, and Role in Behavior
The role of the lateral line in the feeding, defensive, schooling, reproductive, and parental behavior of fish is considered in detail, and the responses of fish to the water current, their orientation, and ways of hydrodynamic camouflage are reviewed.
The sensory basis of schooling by intermittent swimming in the rummy-nose tetra (Hemigrammus rhodostomus)
Vision is both necessary and sufficient for schooling in H. rhodostomus, and both sensory modalities aid in attraction, and these results can serve as a basis for understanding the individual roles of sensorymodalities in schooling for some fish species.
Morphology and hydro-sensory role of superficial neuromasts in schooling behaviour of yellow-eyed mullet (Aldrichetta forsteri)
A highly developed hydro-sensing system exists on the trunk of yellow-eyed mullet consisting of superficial neuromasts containing hundreds of hair cells aligned, with respect to their most sensitive axis, in a rostrocaudal direction.
Sedentary behavior as a factor in determining lateral line contributions to rheotaxis
The results suggest that sedentary behavior is an important factor in promoting reliance on lateral line cues in two species: one that is normally sedentary and one that normally swims continuously along the substrate.
Morphological malleability of the lateral line allows for surface fish (Astyanax mexicanus) adaptation to cave environments.
  • Marina Yoffe, Kush Patel, D. Soares
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    Journal of experimental zoology. Part B, Molecular and developmental evolution
  • 2020
It is reported that all larva depend on the lateral line for success in hunting and that surface fish raised in the dark have a greater dependency on theateral line.
The effects of lateral line ablation and regeneration in schooling giant danios
It is found that fish could school normally immediately after chemical ablation, but that they had trouble schooling 1–2 weeks after the chemical treatment, when the hair cells had fully regenerated.
Internal dynamics and the interrelations of fish in schools
  • B. Partridge
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of comparative physiology
  • 2004
SummaryThe three-dimensional structure of schools of saithe (Pollachius virens) and the interactions between individuals over time were analyzed in 12,240 frames of videotape sampled at 2.7 Hz. Time
Developmental changes of the light intensity threshold for school formation in the striped jack
Light intensity thresholds for school formation were examined In 3 stages (20, 65, and 120 mm) of striped jack Pseudocaranx dentex juveniles with behavioural and histological approaches. Behaviour


This study designed to demonstrate the role of the lateral line sensory system in fish schooling by filming groups of adult Euthynnus affinis during schooling orientation in the presence or absence of transparent partitions between them.
Sensory information and the organization of behaviour in a shoaling cyprinid fish
A blind fish can school.
Five individual saithe, Pollachius virens, were able to join schools of 25 normal saithe swimming in an annular tank, while blinded with opaque eye covers, allowing a demonstration of a role of the lateral line organ in schooling.
The three-dimensional structure of fish schools
Methods for producing and analyzing long-term three-dimensional records of the positions of individuals within fish schools are described and shape of cod schools and, to a lesser degree, saithe schools, is shown to be highly variable.
The three-dimensional structure of schools in the minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus (L.)
Communication of velocity changes in jack mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus) schools
Some Aspects of the Schooling Behaviour of Fish
A hypothesis on the nature of the schooling behaviour of fish based on an ethological investigation of schooling is presented, suggesting that with increasing reproductive motivation male Gasterosteus cease schooling and try to hold territories and Females disperse to a limited extent.
The three-dimensional structure of airborne bird flocks
The three-dimensional structure of flocks of dunlin, Calidris alpina, and starlings, Sturnus vulgaris, was studied while birds were in transit between feeding, loafing and roosting sites and it is indicated that dunlin have a tighter, more compact flock structure than do starlings.
Methods for measuring the three-dimensional structure of fish schools.
Some Aspects of the Organization of Fish Schools
School organization differed among species at the adult stage; schools of Scomber were typically the most compact and organized; Trachurus and Engraulis schools were intermediate in their organization and Atherinops schools were the least organized.