The self-fulfilling prophecy of failed states: Somalia, state collapse and the Global War on Terror

@article{Verhoeven2009TheSP,
  title={The self-fulfilling prophecy of failed states: Somalia, state collapse and the Global War on Terror},
  author={Harry Verhoeven},
  journal={Journal of Eastern African Studies},
  year={2009},
  volume={3},
  pages={405 - 425}
}
  • Harry Verhoeven
  • Published 14 October 2009
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Eastern African Studies
Abstract Over recent decades, several states have experienced mounting difficulties in fulfilling classic state functions such as guaranteeing territorial integrity and law and order. Some “failing states” have even seen the disappearance of all central authority: “state collapse”. Since 11 September 2001, this phenomenon has been particularly associated with terrorism, trans-border criminality and global instability. The international community presents this “Orthodox Failed States Narrative… 
Before Things Fall Apart: The Role of the Soviet Union in Somalia’s Troubled Past (1969-1978)
The narrative of Somalia as ‘a nation without a state’ has been central to analyses seeking to explain state failure, the absence of Weberian political authority, civil war, and the resurgence of
Conceptualizing the ‘Failed State’: The Construction of the Failed State Discourse
The concept of the ‘failed state’ emerged in the 1990s to describe and explain why states residing outside the Western world do not function as advanced states. The failed state narrative has
Climate change, conflict and development in Sudan: global neo-Malthusian narratives and local power struggles.
TLDR
In the climate change era, the breakdown of institutions and associated violence is often not an unfortunate failure of the old system due to environmental shock, but a strategy of elites in wider processes of power and wealth accumulation and contestation.
Prison State, Pariah, And Proxy War: Human Rights Narratives and the Sovereignty Backlash in Eritrea
The Eritrean state has been depicted by media and by human rights organizations as a pariah and “prison state” violating the human rights of its citizens and engaging in senseless conflicts with its
Culture-centric pre-emptive counterinsurgency and US Africa Command: assessing the role of the US social sciences in US military engagements in Africa
The twenty-first century has seen a continued evolution of the US military’s strategic interest in socio-cultural knowledge of (potential) adversaries for counterinsurgency strategies. This paper
Gardens of Eden or Hearts of Darkness? The Genealogy of Discourses on Environmental Insecurity and Climate Wars in Africa
This article argues that the securitisation of Africa’s environment and climate in the early twenty-first century has less to do with multidisciplinary inquiry into the complexities of climate
Towards A Nuanced Understanding of Failed States
In a globalizing world, our understanding of the dynamics of state failure is of critical importance. The events that unfold in a failing or failed state have implications not only for the state’s
State-building in Somalia: Voices from the “International community” and the “Somali diaspora”
Somalia has been a failed state since 1991, which has made it questionable whether the country would be able to rebuild its state. This thesis aims at understanding the factors affecting the
The Security Bazaar: Business Interests and Islamist Power in Civil War Somalia
Abstract In civil wars across the world, certain Islamist groups have competed exceptionally well against their rivals. The conventional wisdom points to either religion or ethnic politics to explain
The Somali media and their peace-building potential
One of the key issues to be interrogated by media researchers in relation to conflicted societies is the extent to which the media serve to escalate or reduce the overall conflict situation. The
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 111 REFERENCES
The challenge to the state in a globalized world.
Individual instances of state failure and collapse must be placed within a broader appreciation of the evolution of statehood within the international system. The idea that the inhabited area of the
The Crisis in Somalia: Tragedy in Five Acts
Somalia's catastrophic humanitarian crisis of 2007, in which up to 300,000 Mogadishu residents were displaced in fighting pitting Ethiopian and Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces against a
Failed states: temporary obstacles to democratic diffusion or fundamental holes in the world political map?
Abstract In parts of the developing world the fundamental requisite of democracy—stateness—is in recession. This paper engages the literature on failed states with regard to the implications for
The misleading problem of failed states: a ‘socio-geography’ of terrorism in the post-9/11 era
Abstract Contrary to a commonly held view, significant numbers of international terrorists do not come from failed states. Nor do failed states house many organisations that support terrorism. All
Violence & social order beyond the state: Somalia & Angola
This paper examines the activities of non-state actors in war in Somalia and Angola. Arguing that prolonged wars are characterised by the emergence of social orders of violence beyond the state, our
New War, Good War and the War on Terror: Explaining, Excusing and Creating Western Neo‐interventionism
This contribution is concerned with the manner in which current dominant security narratives intersect with discourses of imperialism and post-imperialism with regard to the post-Cold War dominance
The heritage of war and state collapse in Somalia and Somaliland: Local-level effects, external interventions and reconstruction
Somalia and Somaliland are both inhabited basically by Somaliswith small Oromo minorities in both, and a large Swahili minority in the latter. Both have multiple clans, sub-clans, lineage and blood
The Long War: insurgency, counterinsurgency and collapsing states
Abstract This introductory article provides the context for the contemporary debate about insurgency, counterinsurgency and collapsing states taking place against the backdrop of what originated as
Neotrusteeship and the Problem of Weak States
his administration came into oface with a self-consciously realist orientation in foreign policy. The president and his advisers derided the Clinton administration’s multilateralism as mere form
A breeding ground for terrorists? Africa & Britain's ‘war on terrorism’
Prime Minister Tony Blair has famously described Africa as a‘scar on the conscience of the world’, drawing attention to the UK's moral and humanitarian obligations towards the continent. This article
...
...