The sedative and analgesic sparing effect of music.

  title={The sedative and analgesic sparing effect of music.},
  author={M E Koch and Zeev N. Kain and Christian Ayoub and Stanley H. Rosenbaum},
  volume={89 2},
BACKGROUND To determine whether music influences intraoperative sedative and analgesic requirements, two randomized controlled trials were performed. METHODS In phase 1, 35 adults undergoing urologic procedures with spinal anesthesia and patient-controlled intravenous propofol sedation were randomly assigned to hear favorable intraoperative music via headset or to have no music. In phase 2, 43 adults undergoing lithotripsy treatment of renal or ureteral calculi and receiving patient… CONTINUE READING


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