The search for extraterrestrial intelligence

@article{Wilson2001TheSF,
  title={The search for extraterrestrial intelligence},
  author={Thomas L. Wilson},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={409},
  pages={1110-1114}
}
As far as we know, humanity is alone in the Universe: there is no definite evidence for the existence of extraterrestrial life, let alone extraterrestrial civilizations (ETCs) capable of communicating or travelling over interstellar distances. Yet popular speculation about the existence of ETCs abounds, including reports of alien visitations either now or in the past. But there is a middle way. It is now possible to put limits on the existence of ETCs of varying capabilities, within arbitrary… 

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