The scientific case that nicotine is addictive

@article{Stolerman2005TheSC,
  title={The scientific case that nicotine is addictive},
  author={Ian P. Stolerman and Martin J. Jarvis},
  journal={Psychopharmacology},
  year={2005},
  volume={117},
  pages={2-10}
}
Despite the wide-ranging and authoritative 1988 review by the US Surgeon General, views questioning the addictiveness of nicotine contine to be expressed in some quarters. This lack of complete consensus is not unexpected, since no universally agreed scientific definition of addiction exists. In this paper we briefly consider a number of lines of evidence from both the human and animal literature bearing on the addictiveness of nicotine. Patterns of use by smokers and the remarkable… 
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