The science of fake news

  title={The science of fake news},
  author={David Lazer and Matthew A. Baum and Yochai Benkler and Adam J. Berinsky and Kelly M. Greenhill and Filippo Menczer and Miriam J. Metzger and Brendan Nyhan and Gordon Pennycook and David M. Rothschild and Michael Schudson and Steven A. Sloman and Cass R. Sunstein and Emily A. Thorson and Duncan J. Watts and Jonathan Zittrain},
  pages={1094 - 1096}
Addressing fake news requires a multidisciplinary effort The rise of fake news highlights the erosion of long-standing institutional bulwarks against misinformation in the internet age. Concern over the problem is global. However, much remains unknown regarding the vulnerabilities of individuals, institutions, and society to manipulations by malicious actors. A new system of safeguards is needed. Below, we discuss extant social and computer science research regarding belief in fake news and the… Expand

Topics from this paper

Fake News
This chapter examines the buzzword “Fake News.” In recent years, politicians, media, and members of the public have used and misused the term, fake news, in a variety of contexts. This chapterExpand
Fake News and hospitality research
Abstract The proliferation of the “Fake News” transcend political agendas and has infiltrated the hospitality industry. This Editorial Viewpoint is intended to drive research that challenges “fakeExpand
Fake News
In the last decade, social media and the Internet have amplified the possibility to spread false information, a.k.a. fake news, which has become a serious threat to the credibility of politicians,Expand
Believability of News
When social media becomes a dominant channel for the distribution of news, manipulation of the news agenda and news content can be achieved by anyone who is hosting a website with access to socialExpand
Curtailing Fake News Propagation with Psychographics
Fake news is a widespread and concerning phenomenon. The goal of this article is twofold. First, we argue that curtailing fake news is better pursued by identifying its propagators than byExpand
Michael Polányi’s fiduciary program against fake news and deepfake in the digital age
This paper argues that Michael Polanyi’s account of how science, as an institution, establishes knowledge can provide a structure for a future institution capable of countering misinformation, orExpand
A Digital Nudge to Counter Confirmation Bias
The results of an initial user study of BalancedView suggest that nudging by information may change the behavior of users towards that of informed news readers, and the use of nudges to help steer internet users into fact checking the news they read online is proposed. Expand
Fake News Types and Detection Models on Social Media A State-of-the-Art Survey
The popularity of fake news on social media has made people unwilling to engage in sharing positive news for fear that the information is false, so the need to restrict and eliminate it becomes inevitable. Expand
Understanding Fake News Consumption: A Review
Combating the spread of fake news remains a difficult problem. For this reason, it is increasingly urgent to understand the phenomenon of fake news. This review aims to see why fake news is widelyExpand
You are fake news: political bias in perceptions of fake news
Although the rise of fake news is posing an increasing threat to societies worldwide, little is known about what associations the term ‘fake news’ activates in the public mind. Here, we report aExpand


Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election
Following the 2016 U.S. presidential election, many have expressed concern about the effects of false stories (“fake news”), circulated largely through social media. We discuss the economics of fakeExpand
Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook
Examination of the news that millions of Facebook users' peers shared, what information these users were presented with, and what they ultimately consumed found that friends shared substantially less cross-cutting news from sources aligned with an opposing ideology. Expand
Disinformation and social bot operations in the run up to the 2017 French presidential election
Anomalous account usage patterns suggest the possible existence of a black market for reusable political disinformation bots and a characterization of both the bots and the users who engaged with them, and oppose it to those users who didn’t. Expand
The spread of true and false news online
A large-scale analysis of tweets reveals that false rumors spread further and faster than the truth, and false news was more novel than true news, which suggests that people were more likely to share novel information. Expand
The Minimal Persuasive Effects of Campaign Contact in General Elections: Evidence from 49 Field Experiments
Significant theories of democratic accountability hinge on how political campaigns affect Americans’ candidate choices. We argue that the best estimate of the effects of campaign contact andExpand
News use across social media platforms 2016
As part of an ongoing examination of social media platforms and news, the Pew Research Centre has found that a majority of adults in the United States – 62% or around two thirds – access their newsExpand
The Role of Familiarity in Correcting Inaccurate Information
Older adults over the age of 65 were worse at sustaining their postcorrection belief that myths were inaccurate, and a greater level of explanatory detail promoted more sustained belief change, supports the notion that familiarity is indeed a driver of continued influence effects. Expand
Reminders and Repetition of Misinformation:: Helping or Hindering Its Retraction?
People frequently rely on information even after it has been retracted, a phenomenon known as the continued-influence effect of misinformation. One factor proposed to explain the ineffectiveness ofExpand
Bill would help California schools teach about "fake news
  • 2017
Bill would help California schools teach about “fake news,” media literacy (EdSource, 2017); https://
  • 2017