The science myths that will not die

  title={The science myths that will not die},
  author={Megan Scudellari},
False beliefs and wishful thinking about the human experience are common. They are hurting people — and holding back science. 
The Role of Scientists in a Human-centered Society
Scientists have an important role not only in avoiding inappropriate and dangerous decisions, but also advising policymakers and other stakeholders about the best and wiser moves to make towards a
Translating Autism Myths into Positive Futures
Since Early Infantile Autism was first described by Leo Kanner in 1943, myths and misperceptions about the nature of what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have proliferated. These myths
Antioxidants: Wonder drugs or quackery?
An answer to the question posed by the title must be simple not to disturb in his tomb Albert Einstein, who wrote “Man muß die Dinge so einfach wie möglich machen. Aber nicht einfacher”. A simple
Pharmacy students’ beliefs in popular myths about health and therapy
More attention should be given to evidence-based medicine skills, including the selection of proper scientific information and the adoption of a critical perspective towards all transmitted information among student pharmacists, to reduce the risk of future pharmacists popularising potentially harmful health myths and misconceptions.
The oxidative stress theory of disease: levels of evidence and epistemological aspects
Despite many preclinical and clinical studies indicating a beneficial effect of antioxidants in many disease conditions, randomised clinical trials have failed to provide the evidence of efficacy required for drug approval.
Confirmation Bias Perpetuates Century-Old Ecological Misconception: Evidence Against ‘Secretive’ Behavior of Eastern Spadefoots
Abstract. Despite a 1944 publication questioning the misconception that Eastern Spadefoots (Scaphiopus holbrookii) and other Scaphiopodidae are ‘secretive’ outside of rain-induced migration and
An ‘epidemic’ of multiple sclerosis and falling infection rates? Reflecting on comparisons made and the rising multiple sclerosis incidence in Bach's 2002 New England Journal of Medicine figure
The evidence surrounding a popular figure, which suggests that the incidence of immune‐mediated diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS), is increased by reduced exposure to infections, is revisited.
Thomas Malthus, Ester Boserup, and Agricultural Development Models in the Age of Limits
Two competing models have served as the basis for agricultural development policies. One is based on observations and assumptions of The Reverend Thomas Malthus in late eighteenth century Britain,
Approaching reactive species in the frame of their clinical significance: A toxicological appraisal.


Antioxidant supplements to prevent mortality.
Antioxidant supplements are not associated with lower all-cause mortality, but Beta carotene, vitamin E, and higher doses of vitamin A may be associated with higher all- cause mortality.
Learning Styles
It is concluded that at present, there is no adequate evidence base to justify incorporating learning-styles assessments into general educational practice and limited education resources would better be devoted to adopting other educational practices that have a strong evidence base.
Does screening for disease save lives in asymptomatic adults? Systematic review of meta-analyses and randomized trials.
Among currently available screening tests for diseases where death is a common outcome, reductions in disease-specific mortality are uncommon and reductions in all-cause mortality are very rare or non-existent.
The overexpression of major antioxidant enzymes does not extend the lifespan of mice
The results show that the overexpression of these major antioxidant enzymes, which are known to scavenge superoxide and hydrogen peroxide in the cytosolic and mitochondrial compartments, is insufficient to extend lifespan in mice.
Twenty five year follow-up for breast cancer incidence and mortality of the Canadian National Breast Screening Study: randomised screening trial
Annual mammography in women aged 40-59 does not reduce mortality from breast cancer beyond that of physical examination or usual care when adjuvant therapy for breast cancer is freely available.
Against the oxidative damage theory of aging: superoxide dismutases protect against oxidative stress but have little or no effect on life span in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Findings imply that O(2)(-) is not a major determinant of aging in Caenorhabditis elegans, suggesting a signaling role for sod-4.
The present knowledge of the morphology of the cell and its role in physiology and pathology has focussed the attention of gerontologic research on the cell, to determine its relationship to the aging process.
Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humans
Consistent with the concept of mitohormesis, exercise-induced oxidative stress ameliorates insulin resistance and causes an adaptive response promoting endogenous antioxidant defense capacity and supplementation with antioxidants may preclude these health-promoting effects of exercise in humans.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • 2013