The safety and accuracy of freehand pedicle screw placement in the subaxial cervical spine: a series of 45 consecutive patients.


STUDY DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and accuracy of subaxial cervical pedicle screw placement with freehand technique and to report the technical nuances. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Although the efficacy and safety of freehand screw fixation in thoracic and lumbar vertebrae is proven, reports on this technique of… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000133