The roots of strategic failure: The Somalia Syndrome and Al Qaeda’s path to 9/11

@article{Patman2015TheRO,
  title={The roots of strategic failure: The Somalia Syndrome and Al Qaeda’s path to 9/11},
  author={Robert G. Patman},
  journal={International Politics},
  year={2015},
  volume={52},
  pages={89-109}
}
  • R. Patman
  • Published 2015
  • Political Science
  • International Politics
This article locates the origins of 9/11 in the increasingly globalized security context of the early post-Cold War period. In particular, it seeks to illuminate the causal connection between the disastrous US-UN humanitarian intervention in Somalia in 1992–1993 and the emergence of a permissive security environment that ultimately made the events of 11 September possible. It is argued here that the Somali crisis was a defining moment for US foreign policy in the post-Cold War era. It generated… 

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............................................................................................................................... VI Acknowledgements

To react or deliberate? : the utility of New Zealand's counterinsurgent communication during the international campaign against terrorism.

................................................................................................................................................................................ 8 LIST OF TABLES

Failed states and the effects of instability

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