The roots and implications of the USA's homeless tent cities

  title={The roots and implications of the USA's homeless tent cities},
  author={Chris Herring and M. Lutz},
  pages={689 - 701}
Since the turn of the 21st century, several US cities have witnessed the resurgence of large-scale homeless encampments. This paper explains how and why such encampments emerged during a period of national economic expansion through a comparative study of encampments in Fresno, California and Seattle, Washington. Contrary to the widespread media coverage of tent cities as a consequence of the most recent recession, the paper argues they are instead rooted in penal and welfare urban policies… Expand
Tent City: Patterns of Informality and the Partitioning of Sacramento
Abstract Unsanctioned tent cities are increasing in number in cities throughout the western United States. Scholars explain the phenomenon as homeless people asserting their ?right to the city? or asExpand
Citizens without property: Informality and political agency in a Seattle, Washington homeless encampment
Often referred to as “tent cities”, tent encampments have, in the last 10 years, proliferated within and around US cities on a scale unprecedented since the Great Depression. Accounts of theseExpand
The rise of the tent ward: Homeless camps in the era of mass incarceration
Abstract In the era of mass incarceration, services for the homeless often involve mechanisms of confinement and discipline. Over the past decade, homeless communities in cities across the US haveExpand
Neutralizing Homelessness, 2015: Tent cities and ten year plans
Since Peter Marcuse published Neutralizing Homelessness in 1988, The United States has undergone a dramatic shift in homeless policy away from the emergency shelter model toward an emphasis onExpand
Securing legal rights to place: mobilizing around moral claims for a houseless rest space in Portland, Oregon
ABSTRACT Recent critical scholarship regarding the right to the city suggests that the concept inadequately addresses the function of rights within urban socio-legal processes. This paper draws fromExpand
Homeless Negotiations of Public Space in Two California Cities
People experiencing homelessness find movement in urban public space constrained. Scholars have attributed this lack of accessibility to the consequences of anti-homeless laws, social exclusions andExpand
“We are All Refugees”: Camps and Informal Settlements as Converging Spaces of Global Displacements
ABSTRACT This paper is in conversation with two important bodies of literature: one on informal settlements (informal and insurgent grassroots practices) and another on camps (spatial practices andExpand
The contentious sovereignties of the camp: Political contention among state and non-state actors in Italian Roma camps
The global proliferation of camps manifests an alarming phenomenon of burgeoning marginalization, and shows that the concept of ‘camp’ is today increasingly crucial to grapple with current changes inExpand
Telling their story of homelessness: voices of Victoria’s Tent City
Tent City provided both a psychological and functional sense of community for residents and how existing services could be restructured to better respond to the needs of homeless persons is explored. Expand
Intersecting hazards, intersectional identities: A baseline Critical Environmental Justice analysis of US homelessness
Lacking access to stable shelter, infrastructure, and services, houseless people are exposed to a range of environmental hazards. Yet, environmental justice scholars have only begun to consider howExpand


The New Logics of Homeless Seclusion:Homeless Encampments in America's West Coast Cities
Since the late 1990s, scores of American cities have witnessed the re–emergence of large–scale homeless encampments for the first time since the Great Depression. Commonly portrayed as rooted in theExpand
Tent Cities: An Interim Solution to Homelessness and Affordable Housing Shortages in the United States
Tents cities have reemerged in the public view as a result of economic depression and the housing crisis in recent years. Despite the growing number of tent cities and their homeless residents, theseExpand
The Annihilation of Space by Law: The Roots and Implications of Anti‐Homeless Laws in the United States
There is a link between changes in the contemporary political economy and the criminalization of homelessness. Anti-homeless legislation can be understood as an attempt to annihilate the spaces inExpand
The local state and homeless shelters: Beyond revanchism?
Within a context of the purported punitive or revanchist city, I examine a seemingly more accommodating, social welfare response to homelessness—the homeless shelter—and examine if it may provide anExpand
Confronting Homelessness: Poverty, Politics, and the Failure of Social Policy
Whose fault is homelessness? Thirty years ago the problem exploded as a national crisis, drawing the attention of activists, the media, and policymakers at all levels-yet the homeless populationExpand
Punishing the Poorest: How the Criminalization of Homelessness Perpetuates Poverty in San Francisco
This report details the effects of criminalization on the homeless residents of San Francisco. Since 1981, San Francisco has passed more local measures to criminalize sleeping, sitting, orExpand
Homelessness, American Style
This study traces the historical geography of homelessness in America. It provides a synoptic overview of the production of homelessness in the United States and the varying urban and nationalExpand
From ’Rabble Management’ to ’Recovery Management’: Policing Homelessness in Marginal Urban Space
Over the past three decades, scholars have documented the emergence of a new model of urban governance predicated on the spatial exclusion of visible poverty. In order to revitalise and recommodifyExpand
Complexity not collapse: recasting the geographies of homelessness in a ‘punitive’ age
Over the past decade there has been a proliferation of work on homelessness by geographers. Much of this has been framed by the desire to connect discussions of homelessness to wider debates aroundExpand
Governing the Homeless in an Age of Compassion: Homelessness, Citizenship, and the 10‐Year Plan to End Homelessness in King County Washington
Abstract:  In 2001, President Bush announced his intention to “end chronic homeless by the year 2012” as part of his broad “Compassion Agenda”. Since then, departmental consolidation, changes inExpand