The role of water use patterns and sewage pollution in incidence of water-borne/enteric diseases along the Ganges river in Varanasi, India

  title={The role of water use patterns and sewage pollution in incidence of water-borne/enteric diseases along the Ganges river in Varanasi, India},
  author={Steve Hamner and Anshuman Tripathi and Rajesh Kumar Mishra and N. Bouskill and Susan C. Broadaway and Barry H. Pyle and Timothy E Ford},
  journal={International Journal of Environmental Health Research},
  pages={113 - 132}
Abstract In Varanasi, India, an estimated 200 million liters daily or more of untreated human sewage is discharged into the Ganges River. River water monitoring over the past 12 years has demonstrated faecal coliform counts up to 108 MPN (most probable number) per 100 ml and biological oxygen demand levels averaging over 40 mg/l in the most polluted part of the river in Varanasi. A questionnaire-based survey was used to estimate water-borne and enteric disease incidence and study river use… 
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