The role of tutoring in problem solving.

  title={The role of tutoring in problem solving.},
  author={D. Wood and J. Bruner and G. Ross},
  journal={Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines},
  volume={17 2},
  • D. Wood, J. Bruner, G. Ross
  • Published 1976
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
THIS PAPER is concerned with the nature of the tutorial process; the means whereby an adult or "expert" helps somebody who is less adult or less expert. Though its aim is general, it is expressed in terms of a particular task: a tutor seeks to teach children aged 3, 4 and 5 yr to build a particular three-dimensional structure that requires a degree of skill that is initially beyond them. It is the usual type of tutoring situation in which one member "knows the answer" and the other does not… Expand
The wisdom of practice: Lessons learned from the study of highly effective tutors.
This chapter presents that in the 21st century, tutoring remains the ideal of education, and describes the wisdom of practice that explains the lessons learned from the study of highly effective tutors. Expand
Help requests in tutoring at 30 months: Adaptation to the social situation
This study lies at the crossroads between the study of tutoring interactions and the study of communicative skills in young children. Our goal was to show that in a tutor-novice problem solvingExpand
Learning from human tutoring
Surprisingly, students learned just as effectively even when tutors were suppressed from giving explanations and feedback, and their learning in the interactive style of tutoring is attributed to construction from deeper and a greater amount of scaffolding episodes, as well as their greater effort to take control of their own learning by reading more. Expand
Toward a suitable concept for tutoring
Empirical studies of tutoring during the second year of life seem to have been marked by an implicit idea of causality oriented from the adult toward the child. Consequently, little attention hasExpand
Socializing the intelligent tutor: bringing empathy to computer tutors
It can serve, simultaneously, as a tool for facilitating the performance of a variety of mundane tasks, a device for creating and presenting complex simulations and rich exploratory-learning environments, and a means of providing practice of skills and testing of knowledge in many content areas. Expand
Analyzing the Emergence of a Learning Issue in a Problem-Based Learning Meeting
Though much has been published concerning the intended or realized benefits of participating in a Problem-Based curriculum, we know little about what participants (faculty and students) actually doExpand
Intensive scaffolding in an intelligent tutoring system for the learning of algebraic word problem solving
An intelligent tutoring system is used to analyze the effect that intensive scaffolding has on the learning of algebraic word problem solving and shows a significant increase of the competence in AWPS in the group that used the ITS withintensive scaffolding. Expand
What Do Human Tutors Do?
People teaching an agent or robot might use the same methods that they use when tutoring a human student. Because teaching agents and robots is a central topic of this Ernst Strüngmann Forum, thisExpand
Help seeking, learning and contingent tutoring
Analyses of interactions between a computer-based tutoring system and 42, 14- and 15-year-old pupils are used to explore and explain the relations between individual differences in learner–tutor interaction, learners’ prior knowledge and learning outcomes. Expand
MENON: automating a Socratic teaching model for mathematical proofs
This thesis presents techniques to automatically integrate different aspects of teaching in a unified natural-language output, and proposes a method for automating adaptive feedback and implements the tutorial manager Menon as a proof-of-concept for the domain of set theory proofs. Expand


Problem-solving, past experience and availability of functions.
The results of the present experiment support the conclusion drawn from earlier experiments that a subject will solve a problem if he has the necessary functions available and support the more general contention that a fundamental aspect of problem-solving is uncovered by considering the process in terms of the functions of concrete objects. Expand
Organization of early skilled action.
  • J. Bruner
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child development
  • 1973
The role of play and modeling in the organization of constituents for task completion is explored and more evolved directed action is constructed of previously constructed sequences now organized into higherorder arts. Expand
Cognitive development: The child's acquisition of diagonality
Contents: Foreword. Preface. Introduction. Conceptualizing Conceptualizing: The Diagonal as an Interesting Problem. The Nature of the Difficulty. The Effects of Instruction. The Change in the Mind ofExpand
The effect of partial reinforcement on extinction in avoidance conditioning
The effect of partial reinforcement on extinction was investigated in avoidance conditioning in which a nonreinforced trial was defined by delayed CS termination as well as shock ommission. PartialExpand
Recogrtition and Production of Information—Processing Strategies in Children
  • Unpublished doctoral thesis,
  • 1974
The development of language.
  • D. Scott
  • Medicine
  • Queen's nursing journal
  • 1974
Nature and uses of immaturity.
Mother-Child Instructional Interaction
  • Unpublished doctoral thesis,
  • 1970
Evolution of emotional responses : evidence from recent research on non - human primates
  • Sci . Psychoan .
  • 1968