The role of transesophageal echocardiography in the diagnosis of ischemic stroke in the elderly.


Cardioembolic stroke is quite common (15% of all ischemic strokes) not only in younger patients but also in the elderly. Clinical diagnosis is often difficult. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) seems to be the most reliable non-invasive method of examination. Because of the close topographical relationship between heart and esophagus, transesophageal… (More)