The role of the retinylidene Schiff base counterion in rhodopsin in

Abstract

Glu-113 serves as the retinylidene Schiff base counterion in bovine rhodopsin. Purified mutant rhodopsin pigments were prepared in which Glu-113 was replaced individually by Gin (Ell3Q), Asp (E113D), Asn (E113N), or Ala (E113A). E113Q, E113N, and E113A existed as pH-dependent equilibrium mixtures of unprotonated and protonated Schiff base (PSB) forms. The… (More)

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