The role of the media in body image concerns among women: a meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies.

  title={The role of the media in body image concerns among women: a meta-analysis of experimental and correlational studies.},
  author={Shelly Grabe and L. Monique Ward and Janet Shibley Hyde},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={134 3},
Research suggests that exposure to mass media depicting the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women. This meta-analysis examined experimental and correlational studies testing the links between media exposure to women's body dissatisfaction, internalization of the thin ideal, and eating behaviors and beliefs with a sample of 77 studies that yielded 141 effect sizes. The mean effect sizes were small to moderate (ds = -.28, -.39, and -.30, respectively). Effects for some… 

Tables from this paper

The Status of Media Effects on Body Image Research: Commentary on Articles in the Themed Issue on Body Image and Media

There is increasingly convincing evidence that media-promoted unrealistic thin ideals are associated with detrimental effects on women and girls' moods, body image, and eating patterns. Accordingly,

A confound-free test of the effects of thin-ideal media images on body satisfaction.

In experimental investigations of how exposure to thin-ideal body types affects body dissatisfaction (a predictor of disordered eating), it is unclear what the nature of the control condition should

When media become the mirror: a meta-analysis on media and body image

ABSTRACT A growing body of research on the media’s effects on body image suggests that media of different forms plays a vital role in shaping people’s body image concerns and behavioral intentions.

Understanding the Impact of Thin Media Models on Women's Body-Focused Affect: The Roles of Thin-Ideal Internalization and Weight-Related Self-Discrepancy Activation in Experimental Exposure Effects

Previous experimental research demonstrates that exposure to ultra-thin media models has negative effects on many women's body image, but neglects underlying psychological processes. We develop and

Media Influences on Body Image Dissatisfaction : the Moderating Role of Collectivism vs . Individualism

Body image is a multidimensional construct that reflects attitudes and perceptions about an individual’s physical appearance under the cultural norms and ideals rather than on actual body dimension.

Body-focused Anxiety in Women: Associations with Internalization of the Thin-ideal, Dieting Frequency, Body Mass Index and Media Effects

Exposure to media that portrays thin women as ideal and attractive can lead to women internalizing the thin ideal, which results in incorporating societal standards of thinness into belief systems.

Explaining the Relationship Between Media Exposure and Early Adolescents' Body Image Perceptions

The study found that media exposure negatively predicted body image both directly and through a mediation process involving parasocial relationships with favorite characters, motivations to self-comparison with the characters, and so on.

Body Image, Confidence, And Media Influence: A Study Of Middle School Adolescents

For years, we have all been aware of the media’s portrayal of the ideal female as unreasonably thin. In recent years, portrayals of males as both thin and muscular have also appeared. While a myriad



The Effects of the Media on Body Image: A Meta-Analysis

The media have been criticized for depicting the thin woman as ideal. Some argue these images create unrealistic expectations for young women and cause body dissatisfaction and disordered eating.

The effect of experimental presentation of thin media images on body satisfaction: a meta-analytic review.

Results support the sociocultural perspective that mass media promulgate a slender ideal that elicits body dissatisfaction that supports prevention and research on social comparison processes.

Adverse effects of the media portrayed thin-ideal on women and linkages to bulimic symptomatology.

Although researchers have postulated that the thin-ideal body image portrayed in the media contributes to eating pathology among females, little research has directly examined the effects of these

The Impact of Exposure to the Thin-Ideal Media Image on Women

Exposure to thin-ideal media images may contribute to the development of eating disorders by causing body dissatisfaction, negative moods, low self-esteem, and eating disorders symptoms among women.

The Effect of the Media on Body Satisfaction: the Role of Gender and Size

Media images of stereotypically attractive women are often cited as contributory factors in body size distortion and body dissatisfaction. In fact, recent research suggests that acute exposure to

Relation of media exposure to eating disorder symptomatology: an examination of mediating mechanisms.

The assertion that internalization of sociocultural pressures mediate the adverse effects of the thin ideal is supported, as structural equation modeling revealed a direct effect of media exposure on eating disorder symptoms.

Reducing the impact of media images on women at risk for body image disturbance: Three targeted interventions.

Recent research has shown that exposure to the ideal thin standard of female beauty commonly presented in advertising and the broader media contributes to body image disturbance among women.

The Elastic Body Image: The Effect of Television Advertising and Programming on Body Image Distortions in Young Women

The emphasis the media place on the thin ideal body image may be responsible for body size overestimations that women make, and indirectly cause increases in anorexia nervosa and bulimia. In this

The role of media exposure in adolescent girls' body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness: prospective results

Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate prospectively the direction of the relationship between media exposure and body image disturbance. Participants were 214 female high school students

The influence of societal factors on female body image.

Body satisfaction was best explained by societal factors, self-esteem, and BMI, while perceptual distortion of body size could not be predicted from the independent variables.