The role of the gut microbiota in nutrition and health

@article{Flint2012TheRO,
  title={The role of the gut microbiota in nutrition and health},
  author={Harry James Flint and Karen P. Scott and Petra Louis and S. H. Duncan},
  journal={Nature Reviews Gastroenterology &Hepatology},
  year={2012},
  volume={9},
  pages={577-589}
}
The microbial communities that colonize different regions of the human gut influence many aspects of health. In the healthy state, they contribute nutrients and energy to the host via the fermentation of nondigestible dietary components in the large intestine, and a balance is maintained with the host's metabolism and immune system. Negative consequences, however, can include acting as sources of inflammation and infection, involvement in gastrointestinal diseases, and possible contributions to… CONTINUE READING
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