We have previously shown the effect of phosphorylcholine-binding proteins from rat (PCBP) and rabbit (CRP) on the precipitation of serum lipoproteins by heparin in presence of Ca2+. The present paper describes the effect of a phosphorylcholine-binding protein from the female Syrian hamster (FP) on the lipoprotein precipitation reaction. The precipitation of lipoproteins by heparin was lower in assays using female hamster serum in which FP is a prominent protein, compared with assays with male serum in which FP is present in very low concentration. Depletion of FP from female serum resulted in increased lipoprotein precipitation. The addition of purified FP to assays using human very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) inhibited the precipitation reaction. The precipitation of lipoproteins was also examined using serum from male hamsters treated with diethylstilbestrol and female hamsters treated with testosterone, treatments known to modulate the levels of FP. Results indicate an inverse relationship between serum FP levels from normal and hormone-treated hamsters and the precipitation of lipoproteins from their serum. The partially desialylated FP when added to precipitation assays using human VLDL resulted in reduced inhibition of VLDL precipitation.