The role of smoking and gingival crevicular fluid markers on coronally advanced flap outcomes.


BACKGROUND This study evaluates possible effects of smoking on the following: 1) biochemical content in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from sites of gingival recession and saliva; and 2) clinical outcomes of coronally advanced flap (CAF) for root coverage. METHODS Eighteen defects in 15 patients were included in each of the smoker and non-smoker… (More)
DOI: 10.1902/jop.2013.120685


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