The role of secondhand smoke in sinusitis: a systematic review

@article{Hur2014TheRO,
  title={The role of secondhand smoke in sinusitis: a systematic review},
  author={Kevin Hur and Jonathan Liang and Sandra Y. Lin},
  journal={International Forum of Allergy \& Rhinology},
  year={2014},
  volume={4},
  pages={22 - 28}
}
The objective of this study was to systematically review existing literature on the association between sinusitis and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. 
Pulmonary function in never‐smoker patients with chronic rhinosinusitis
TLDR
This study evaluated lung function in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who have never smoked and found no difference in lung function between smokers and non-smokers.
Occupational and environmental risk factors for chronic rhinosinusitis: a systematic review
TLDR
A systematic review of the occupational and environmental literature to evaluate the quality of evidence of the role that hazardous exposures might play in chronic rhinosinusitis concluded that it was likely to be a multifactorial etiology.
Effects of cigarette smoking on rhinologic diseases: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008‐2011
TLDR
This study was conducted to better understand the effect of cigarette smoke exposure on rhinologic diseases in Koreans.
Smoking: An independent risk factor for lost productivity in chronic rhinosinusitis
TLDR
The association between smoking and productivity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis was determined to determine the effect on lost productivity.
A Systematic Review of the Association between Cigarette Smoke Exposure and Chronic Rhinosinusitis
TLDR
It is determined that there is a strong correlation between active and passive cigarette smoke with the prevalence of CRS, and longitudinal and mechanistic studies are required to determine a causative effect.
Other Phenotypes and Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis.
TLDR
Commenting on some factors that are believed to influence the expression of chronic rhinosinusitis are comments on anatomic abnormalities, immotile cilia, age, allergic sensitization, immune deficiency, dental infections, gastrointestinal reflux, smoking, biofilm, and the microbiome.
The association of active and passive tobacco smoke exposure with chronic rhinosinusitis symptom severity: A cross-sectional study.
TLDR
This study establishes an objective relationship between smoke exposure and patient-perceived severity of CRS, emphasizing the importance of tobacco cessation counseling as part of management.
Prevention of chronic rhinosinusitis.
TLDR
There is no evidence as yet that treatment of these conditions is associated with reduced incidence of chronic rhinosinusitis, but the role of disease-related factors, such as the roles of the microbiome and osteo-neogenesis, and the development of severe combined upper airway disease needs further research.
[Allergic rhinitis in the context of chronic rhinosinusitis].
TLDR
The most important and actual diagnostic and therapeutic procedures for the treatment of this important chronic disease in children and adults are presented.
The Effect of Therapeutic Massage on the Athletes with Chronic Sinusitis
TLDR
According to the results of this study and effect of massage therapy, health centers can use this method to program exercises as a treatment modality in patients with chronic sinusitis.
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TLDR
Prior studies that describe the correlation between active smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) on chronic rhinosinusitis are summarized.
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TLDR
Exposure to SHS is common and significantly independently associated with CRS, and a strong, independent dose-response relationship existed between CRS and the number of venues where SHS exposure occurred.
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TLDR
A significant association between diagnosis of CRS and diagnosis of asthma and CRSand diagnosis of rhinitis is found and asignificant association between presence of C RS and belonging to the low-income subgroup is found.
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TLDR
Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke during childhood and adulthood may be a risk factor for chronic rhinosinusitis, and compared with unexposed CRS cases, SHS exposed cases reported worse nasal symptoms and used more nasal decongestants compared to unexposed cases, suggesting SHS exposure is related to exacerbation and more severe symptoms.
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Sinusitis is not an uncommon problem in children, passive smoking might be a contributing factor and a course of antibiotic therapy is beneficial.
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It is concluded that nasal disorders are associated with lower respiratory tract symptoms in children in a random population of 718 children in East Boston, Massachusetts.
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