The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms.

  title={The role of rumination in depressive disorders and mixed anxiety/depressive symptoms.},
  author={Susan Nolen-Hoeksema},
  journal={Journal of abnormal psychology},
  volume={109 3},
Several studies have shown that people who engage in ruminative responses to depressive symptoms have higher levels of depressive symptoms over time, after accounting for baseline levels of depressive symptoms. The analyses reported here showed that rumination also predicted depressive disorders, including new onsets of depressive episodes. Rumination predicted chronicity of depressive disorders before accounting for the effects of baseline depressive symptoms but not after accounting for the… 

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