The role of public health improvements in health advances: The twentieth-century United States

@article{Cutler2011TheRO,
  title={The role of public health improvements in health advances: The twentieth-century United States},
  author={David Cutler and Grant Miller},
  journal={Demography},
  year={2011},
  volume={42},
  pages={1-22}
}
Mortality rates in the United States fell more rapidly during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries than in any other period in American history. This decline coincided with an epidemiological transition and the disappearance of a mortality “penalty” associated with living in urban areas. There is little empirical evidence and much unresolved debate about what caused these improvements, however. In this article, we report the causal influence of clean water technologies— filtration… 

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