The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.

  title={The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.},
  author={Barbara L. Fredrickson},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  volume={56 3},
  • B. Fredrickson
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Psychology
  • The American psychologist
In this article, the author describes a new theoretical perspective on positive emotions and situates this new perspective within the emerging field of positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory posits that experiences of positive emotions broaden people's momentary thought-action repertoires, which in turn serves to build their enduring personal resources, ranging from physical and intellectual resources to social and psychological resources. Preliminary empirical evidence supporting… 

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A new model is advanced to describe the form and function of a subset of positive emotions, including joy, interest, contentment, and love, that serve to broaden an individual's momentary thought–action repertoire, which in turn has the effect of building that individual's physical, intellectual, and social resources.


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