The role of plasticity in resource capture by plants

@article{Grime2004TheRO,
  title={The role of plasticity in resource capture by plants},
  author={J. P. Grime and J. Mackey},
  journal={Evolutionary Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={16},
  pages={299-307}
}
Comparative experiments measuring the form and extent of plant responses to environmental factors allow an ecologically important distinction to be made between morphological plasticity and cellular acclimation. The two phenomena are associated with different sets of plant traits with which they occur with highest fidelity and potency at opposite ends of productivity gradients. A trade-off between scale and precision occurs with respect to the responses of plants to patchiness in resource… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Plant resource-use strategies: the importance of phenotypic plasticity in response to a productivity gradient for two subalpine species.
TLDR
Trait variability in the field for the two species is more likely to be the result of phenotypic plasticity rather than of genetic differentiation between populations, with the exploitative species showing greater variability. Expand
Responses of macrophytes to dewatering: effects of phylogeny and phenotypic plasticity on species performance
TLDR
These species produced phenotypic adjustments, such as denser aboveground organs and leaf plasticity, which can explain the maintenance of similar growth rates under terrestrial conditions, which suggests that their optimal niche is the interface between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Expand
Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity : bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications
TLDR
An alternative approach to quantify PP based on phenotypic distances among individuals of a given species exposed to different environments is summarized in a relative distance plasticity index (RDPI) that allows for statistical comparisons of PP between species (or populations within species). Expand
Biomass partitioning in response to resources availability: A comparison between native and invaded ranges in the clonal invader Carpobrotus edulis
TLDR
It is demonstrated that biomass partitioning in response to nutrient availability in C. edulis differs between populations from native and invaded ranges, indicating that this trait could be under selection during the invasion process. Expand
No evidence for larger leaf trait plasticity in ecological generalists compared to specialists
TLDR
The results suggest that larger species-level plasticity in leaf traits is not necessarily associated with a capacity to occupy a broader range of environments or with growth in resource-rich habitats; rather, it may indicate species’ sensitivity to environmental changes. Expand
Different genotypes of Phragmites australis show distinct phenotypic plasticity in response to nutrient availability and temperature
TLDR
The responses of the two contrasting P. australis genotypes to temperature and fertilization are genetically determined and related to the climatic conditions at the site of their origin, and may influence how the genotypes will respond to global environmental change. Expand
Plasticity of Plant Form and Function Sustains Productivity and Dominance along Environment and Comp
TLDR
It is concluded that the plasticity of plant form and function is required to maintain the coordination of multiple resource capture and, hence, to sustain productivity and dominance across environmental gradients. Expand
NUTRIENT CONSERVATION TRAIT RESPONSES OF LOW RESOURCE ADAPTED CHAPARRAL SHRUBS TO INCREASED RESOURCE AVAILABILITY
TLDR
Three, phylogenetically-controlled pairs of shrubby evergreen species from the California chaparral that either grow on or off serpentine soils, which differ in nutrient availability were evaluated. Expand
Trait plasticity, not values, best corresponds with woodland plant success in novel and manipulated habitats
TLDR
It is found that when translocated into a novel habitats, with novel environmental conditions that often are more extreme than the source habitat, both species appear capable of considerable phological acclimation and generally converge to similar trait values. Expand
Low phenotypic plasticity of plants of monsoon tropical forest to light and their adaptation to scarce resources
Light is a limiting factor for plants growth and development in the tropical forest un derstory. At the same time, its characteristic feature is a highly heterogeneous dist ribution, to which theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
The ecological significance of plasticity.
TLDR
It is suggested that plasticity is of vital importance in resource acquisition by plants and is part of the foraging mechanisms which project new leaves and roots into the resource-rich zones of the constantly changing environmental mosaic created by the activity of competing plants. Expand
A trade-off between scale and precision in resource foraging
TLDR
Measurements of dry matter partitioning and growth in patchy conditions indicate a consistent positive association between the foraging characteristics of roots and shoots, supporting the hypothesis of strong interdependence of competitive abilities for light and mineral nutrients. Expand
Evidence for the Existence of Three Primary Strategies in Plants and Its Relevance to Ecological and Evolutionary Theory
TLDR
A triangular model based upon the three strategies of evolution in plants may be reconciled with the theory of r- and K-selection, provides an insight into the processes of vegetation succession and dominance, and appears to be capable of extension to fungi and to animals. Expand
Inherent Variation in Growth Rate Between Higher Plants: A Search for Physiological Causes and Ecological Consequences
I. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284 I
Effect of Past an Prevailing Temperatures on the Carbon Dioxide Exchange Capacities of Some Woody Desert Perennials
TLDR
There were distinct species differences in response to the preconditioning treatments which could be correlated with differences in distribution and ecology. Expand
Acclimation in arctic lichens
USING a new gas exchange method, we have followed the seasonal response of net assimilation rate (NAR) in Arctic lichens and have found rapid acclimation to temperature, light and thallus moistureExpand
Integrated screening validates primary axes of specialisation in plants
TLDR
The evidence assembled here and elsewhere in the current literature points to the existence of primary functional types, including those recognized by Ramenskii and Grime, which provide strong evidence of functional integration between evolutionary specializations in root and shoot and support Donald's unified theory of competitive ability. Expand
PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACCLIMATION OF PLANTS OF DIVERSE ORIGIN
TLDR
The objective of this study was to determine the photosynthetic plasticity of a number of terrestrial higher plant species from diverse climatic regions in the White Mountains of California. Expand
Evolutionary Significance of Phenotypic Plasticity in Plants
TLDR
This chapter focuses on evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity in plants, indicating that adaptation by plasticity is a widespread and important phenomenon in plants and has evolved differently in different species. Expand
Leaf Life‐Span in Relation to Leaf, Plant, and Stand Characteristics among Diverse Ecosystems
TLDR
It appears that a suite of traits including short leaf life—span and high leaf Nmass, SLA, LAR, and Amass interactively contribute to high growth rates in open—grown individuals, and the photosynthesis—leaf N relationship among species should be considered universal when expressed on a mass, but not on a leaf area, basis. Expand
...
1
2
...