The role of physiological arousal in time perception: Psychophysiological evidence from an emotion regulation paradigm

  title={The role of physiological arousal in time perception: Psychophysiological evidence from an emotion regulation paradigm},
  author={Nathalie Mella and Laurence Conty and Viviane Pouthas},
  journal={Brain and Cognition},

Figures from this paper

Electrophysiological Evidence for an Accumulation Process in the Timing of Emotional Stimuli

Emotion and time perception are in constant interaction in everyday life activities. While growing literature explored the mechanisms underlying emotional timing, the neural correlates remain

Emotional time distortions: The fundamental role of arousal

The results suggest that arousal is a fundamental mechanism mediating the effect of emotion on time perception, however, the effect cannot be reduced to arousal, since the impact of the content of pictures also plays a critical role.

An Absence of a Relationship between Overt Attention and Emotional Distortions to Time: an Eye Movement Study

Emotional distortions to time are consistently reported in laboratory studies; however, their underlying causes remain unclear. One suggestion is that emotion-induced changes in attentional

Emotional modulation of interval timing and time perception

The Role of Emotion Regulation in Reducing Emotional Distortions of Duration Perception

The results indicated that the distortion of duration perception occurred only in the nonregulation group, suggesting that it can be effectively reduced by reappraisal and suppression.

How Emotions Change Time

A hybrid mechanism involving stimulus-specific sentient representations is proposed as a candidate for mediating emotional influences on time and, according to this proposal, emotional events enhance sentient representations, which in turn support temporal estimates.

The Influence of Emotional Awareness on Time Perception: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials

The findings of this study suggest that high emotional awareness produces higher physiological arousal; moreover, when participants were required to estimate the time duration of emotional pictures, they tended to make higher time overestimation.

Emotion and Implicit Timing: The Arousal Effect

The results showed a U-shaped curve of reaction time plotted against the interval duration, indicating an implicit processing of time, and an automatic effect of emotion on the internal clock rate.

Emotional Voices Distort Time: Behavioral and Neural Correlates

The present study explored the effect of vocally expressed emotions on duration perception. Recordings of the syllable ‘ah’ spoken in a disgusted (negative), surprised (positive), and neutral voice

Duration perception of emotional stimuli: Using evaluative conditioning to avoid sensory confounds

A method disentangling a possible confounding regarding the processing of physically different stimulus material showing that the temporal overestimation of emotional stimuli cannot be attributed to perceptual differences between neutral and emotional stimuli.



How emotional auditory stimuli modulate time perception.

Emotional and neutral sounds rated for valence and arousal were used to investigate the influence of emotions on timing in reproduction and verbal estimation tasks, suggesting that both activation and attentional processes modulate the timing of emotional events.

The influence of affective factors on time perception

Standardized photographic slides rated for emotional valence and arousal were projected to two groups of subjects for 2, 4, and 6 sec, and time estimation results showed neither a main effect of valence nor amain effect of arousal.

Startle modulation during conscious emotion regulation is arousal-dependent.

Analysis of negative and positive picture trials separately revealed similar patterns of startle modulation by emotion regulation, indicating that arousal, not valence, may be critical to startle amplitude modulation via conscious emotion regulation.

Negative emotionality influences the effects of emotion on time perception.

In this study I used a temporal bisection task to test if greater overestimation of time due to negative emotion is moderated by individual differences in negative emotionality. The effects of

Neural Correlates of Conscious Self-Regulation of Emotion

Findings reinforce the view that emotional self-regulation is normally implemented by a neural circuit comprising various prefrontal regions and subcortical limbic structures and suggest that humans have the capacity to influence the electrochemical dynamics of their brains, by voluntarily changing the nature of the mind processes unfolding in the psychological space.

Suppression and enhancement of emotional responses to unpleasant pictures.

In a sample of 48 college students, both eyeblink startle magnitude and corrugator activity were sensitive to experimental manipulation, suggesting voluntary regulation of short-term emotional responses to unpleasant visual stimuli.

Embodied temporal perception of emotion.

Results revealed that participants overestimated the duration of emotional faces relative to the neutral faces only when imitation was possible, and implications for the role of embodiment in emotional perception are discussed.

Association of neural and physiological responses during voluntary emotion suppression

The cognitive control of emotion

BRIEF REPORT Perception of the duration of emotional events

Participants were trained on a temporal bisection task in which visual stimuli (a pink oval) of 400 ms and 1600 ms served as short and long standards, respectively. They were then presented