The role of organic osmolytes in osmoregulation: from bacteria to mammals.

@article{Kinne1993TheRO,
  title={The role of organic osmolytes in osmoregulation: from bacteria to mammals.},
  author={Rolf K. H. Kinne},
  journal={The Journal of experimental zoology},
  year={1993},
  volume={265 4},
  pages={346-55}
}
Cells of marine species are known to establish osmotic balance with their environment by adjusting the concentrations of organic osmolytes rather than inorganic osmolytes such as sodium, potassium, and chloride. These organic osmolytes fall into three classes: polyhydric alcohols such as sorbitol, amino acids and amino acid derivatives, and urea and trimethylamines. Substantial evidence is available for a central role of each of these classes in osmoregulation in marine species. In this chapter… CONTINUE READING

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