The role of noninvasive testing in the evaluation of chronic venous problems


Noninvasive instrumentation is now available to evaluate venous function in patients with a wide variety of chronic venous problems. The present analysis attempts to review the use of directional flow detection by Doppler ultrasound, venous refilling or maximal venous outflow by plethysmography, and the newly introduced venous imaging techniques (B-mode and… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF01658639


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