• Corpus ID: 26005459

The role of movement and tissue interactions in the development and growth of bone and secondary cartilage in the clavicle of the embryonic chick.

@article{Hall1986TheRO,
  title={The role of movement and tissue interactions in the development and growth of bone and secondary cartilage in the clavicle of the embryonic chick.},
  author={Brian K. Hall},
  journal={Journal of embryology and experimental morphology},
  year={1986},
  volume={93},
  pages={
          133-52
        }
}
  • B. Hall
  • Published 1 April 1986
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of embryology and experimental morphology
There has been debate in the literature concerning whether the clavicle arises by intramembranous ossification, i.e. is a membrane bone, and whether secondary cartilage develops from its periosteal cells. A histological study of carefully staged embryos revealed that pre-clavicular mesenchyme undergoes condensation at H.H. stage 31-32, bone forms by H.H. stage 33 and that a transitory secondary cartilage appears late in H.H. stage 35, only to disappear by H.H. stage 36. Except for the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Transient Chondrogenic Phase in the Intramembranous Pathway During Normal Skeletal Development
TLDR
It is proposed that the normal intramembranous pathway in chicks includes a previously unrecognized transient chondrogenic phase similar to prechondrogensic mesenchyme, and that the cells in this phase retain chONDrogenic potential that can be expressed in specific in vitro and in vivo microenvironments.
The genesis of cartilage size and shape during development and evolution
TLDR
The capacity of neural crest-derived mesenchyme to orchestrate spatiotemporal programs for chondrogenesis autonomously, and to implement cartilage size and shape across embryonic stages and between species simultaneously, provides a novel mechanism linking ontogeny and phylogeny.
Secondary Cartilage Revealed in a Non-Avian Dinosaur Embryo
TLDR
Using histological analysis, secondary cartilage was discovered in a non-avian dinosaur embryo, Hypacrosaurus stebingeri (Ornithischia, Lambeosaurinae), which provides the first information on the ontogeny of avian and dinosaurian secondary cartilages, and further stresses their developmental similarities.
N-CAM is not required for initiation of secondary chondrogenesis: the role of N-CAM in skeletal condensation and differentiation.
  • J. Fang, B. Hall
  • Biology, Medicine
    The International journal of developmental biology
  • 1999
TLDR
In contrast, and consistent with expression in vivo, N-CAM is expressed during osteogenesis from QJ periosteal cells and mandibular mesenchyme in vitro, and in primary and secondary condensation.
Tissue-separating capacity of growth cartilages.
TLDR
It is suggested that the tissue-separating capacity is a basic phenomenon in the function of growth, not only of primary growth cartilages, but of secondary cartilage as well.
Stage‐specific expression patterns of alkaline phosphatase during development of the first arch skeleton in inbred C57BL/6 mouse embryos
TLDR
3‐D reconstruction of expression in Meckel's cartilage revealed that the chondrocytes of Meckels cartilage which express alkaline phosphatase and the matrix of which undergoes mineralisation are those surrounded by the alkalineosphatase‐positive dentary ramus, suggesting that progenitor cells of the processes, dentaries and secondary cartilages all originate from a common pool.
The role of embryo movement in the development of the furcula
TLDR
It is revealed that the growth rates of the clavicular and interclavicular components of the furcula differ during normal development, and embryo movement, and the mechanical loading this produces, is important in shaping these structures during development to suit their postnatal mechanical roles.
Development of the mouse mandibles and clavicles in the absence of skeletal myogenesis.
TLDR
The data show that theDevelopment of secondary cartilage, and in turn the development of the final shape and size of the bones, is strongly influenced by mechanical cues from the skeletal musculature.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES
Epithelial influences on skeletogenesis in the mandible of the embryonic chick
TLDR
Mandibular mesenchyme requires the presence of epithelium until 4.5 days of incubation if the membrane bones of the mandible are to differentiate; if epithelial influences are required for Meckel's cartilage and subperichondrial bone formation, they are not required beyond 2.5 day incubation.
Abnormalities in bone and cartilage development in the talpid mutant of the fowl.
TLDR
The attempts made by experimental and histochemical means to account for the failure of cartilage-replacement bone formation are described.
Adventitious (Secondary) cartilage in the chick, and the development of certain bones and articulation in the chick skull.
TLDR
The facts of the development of adventitious cartilage, and of the anatomy of the musculature, are in harmony with the hypothesis that the change in morphogenetic direction of the germinal cells, from osteogenesis to chondrogenesis, is mechanically induced.
In vitro studies on skeletogenic potential of membrane bone periosteal cells.
  • P. Thorogood
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of embryology and experimental morphology
  • 1979
TLDR
It is suggested that spatial position is a principal factor controlling the differentiation of secondary cartilage in avian embryo ectomesenchyme systems, and this epigenetic interpretation is discussed in the general context of development mechanisms underlying the spatial and temporal patterns in which neural crest-derived cells differentiate to produce bone and cartilage during the formation of the head skeleton.
Selective proliferation and accumulation of chondroprogenitor cells as the mode of action of biomechanical factors during secondary chondrogenesis.
Secondary cartilage fails to differentiate on membrane bones of embryonic chicks which have been paralyzed by the in ovo injection of D-tubocurarine chloride at ten days of incubation. A planimetric
The fate of adventitious and embryonic articular cartilage in the skull of the common fowl, Gallus domesticus (Aves : Phasianidae)
TLDR
Several new areas of adventitious cartilage arise in the fowl after hatching and these have been described.
Origine des ceintures scapulaires et pelviennes chez l'embryon d'oiseau
TLDR
It was demonstrated that both somitic and somatopleural mesoderm are regionalized as early as 2 days of incubation, prior to somitic segmentation, with respect to their ability to give rise to the skeletal elements of the girdles.
A simple, single‐injection method for inducing long‐term paralysis in embryonic chicks, and preliminary observations on growth of the tibia
  • B. Hall
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Anatomical record
  • 1975
TLDR
The growth and collagen content of the tibia in the paralysed embryos was reduced and these results, and other applications of the method, are discussed.
Periodic motility of normal and spinal chick embryos between 8 and 17 days of incubation.
TLDR
In order to study the effect of the brain on spontaneous motility, spinal embryos were obtained by extirpation of part of the cervical cord in two-day embryos and the spinal embryos retain their capacity for cyclic motility.
...
...