The role of low-dose cytosine arabinoside and aggressive chemotherapy in advanced myelodysplastic syndromes.

The efficacy of low-dose cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and aggressive chemotherapy was assessed in 67 patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In most cases, treatment was started because of worsening peripheral cytopenia, increase in bone marrow blasts, or transition of MDS to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Of 51 patients (age range, 18-82… (More)