The role of impulsivity in the development of substance use and eating disorders

  title={The role of impulsivity in the development of substance use and eating disorders},
  author={Sharon Dawe and Natalie J Loxton},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},
  • S. DaweN. Loxton
  • Published 1 May 2004
  • Psychology
  • Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews

The Concepts of Rash Impulsiveness and Reward Sensitivity in Substance Use Disorders

Results provide evidence for the existence of the two hypothesized impulsivity factors in a clinical sample of substance dependent patients and Meaningful relationships between the model and drug use characteristics have been found, providing furtherevidence for the validity of theTwo-factor model.

Impulsivity and adolescent substance use: Rashly dismissed as “all-bad”?

Associations Between Impulsivity and Body Dissatisfaction in Females at Risk for Developing Eating Disorders

Sixty-one women (40 at-risk for an eating disorder based on the Screening Instrument for Identifying Individuals at Risk for Developing Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa, SCANS) completed a self-report

Neurocognitive function in substance dependence

Background: Changes in neuropsychological and emotional systems are associated with substance dependence and reduce the chance of successfully maintaining abstinence after treatment. Impulsivity is

Distinctions in Behavioral Impulsivity: Implications for Substance Abuse Research

These findings suggest that researchers should carefully consider their selection of laboratory behavioral impulsivity measures, and that the measure(s) selected should be related to the particular underlying processes relevant to substance use disorders and treatment success.



The impulsivist: a multi-impulsive personality disorder.

A literature review of impulsivity in the substance abuse disorders, eating disorders, classical disorders of impulse control, self-harm and personality disorders suggests there is a significant number of patients who have a very poor prognosis and are characterised not just by the specific presenting symptom but by multiple impulsive behaviours.

Multi-impulsivity of Japanese patients with eating disorders: primary and secondary impulsivity

Varieties of impulsivity

Evidence for varieties of impulsivity from several different areas of research, including human psychology, psychiatry and animal behaviour, suggests that several neurochemical mechanisms can influence impulsivity, and that impulsive behaviour has no unique neurobiological basis.

Clarifying the role of impulsivity in bulimia nervosa.

It is suggested that future researchers assess urgency, not lack of planning, when assessing impulsivity as a risk factor for bulimic symptoms, as well as the tendency to act rashly when experiencing negative affect.

Personality variables and disorders in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

All dominant models of the eating disorders implicate personality variables in the emergence of weight concerns and the development of specific symptoms such as bingeing and purging and a less consistent picture suggesting affective instability and impulsivity has emerged from the assessment of subjects with bulimia nervosa.

The relationship between eating disorders and substance use: moving beyond co-prevalence research.

Disordered eating behaviors and reward sensitivity.