A comparison of maternal serum levels of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, asymmetric dimethylarginine, and homocysteine in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies
Nitric oxide (NO) contributes to vasodilatation that is observed during normal pregnancy. Hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) is a vascular risk factor associated with placental microvascular diseases and pre-eclampsia. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been linked to endothelial dysfunction. Maternal ADMA has been reported to be higher in women with pre-eclampsia and HHcy leads to accumulation of ADMA. The aim of this presented study is to evaluate the alterations of plasma homocysteine, ADMA and NO levels in mild pre-eclampsia. A total of 40 pre-eclamptic women and 40 healthy controls were included into the study. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, mean serum homocysteine and ADMA levels were significantly higher and NO level was lower in patients. Serum homocysteine, ADMA and NO levels found to be correlated among them and with blood pressure. In conclusion, we found that homocysteine and ADMA levels were increased and NO levels decreased in pre-eclampsia.